A study by the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) has found the replacement of fossil fuels technology with electric ones would result in energy savings. The energy savings are as high as 71.7 quadrillion BTUs.
These savings would cut CO2 by 4,400 million tons between 2009 and 2030.
The new technology is meant for residential, commercial and industrial use. Sixty per cent of the fossil fuels that are currently in use are mainly come from cars and automobiles. Residential, commercial and industrial areas are also heavily used by fossil fuels. Electricity is becoming more de-carbonized and this will have a huge impact on the cars we drive, the houses we live in, its use in businesses and the industrial sectors.
“The Potential to Reduce CO2 Emissions by Expanding the End-Use Applications of Electricity” is the title of the EPRI study. The 2008’s Energy Information Administration (EIA) was used as a case study for the report.
Federally mandated appliance standards and building codes, plus market-driven efficiency improvements and rule-making procedures were taken into account with the case study. In the report, projections are made that between 2008 and 2030 there will be a flat fee for electricity. As well, the report also predicts that before 2008 there will be government-sponsored and utility-sponsored end-use energy programs to reduce fees for electricity.
The report also goes on to say that the residential sector will prove to benefit the most from the reductions in CO2 emissions. The commercial and industrial sectors will benefit from a decrease in CO2 emissions at about the same rate.
Reductions in CO2 emissions of 320 million metric tons each year will result in a 4.7 per cent decrease in emissions in 2030 compared to the previous forecast of reduction of CO2 emissions.
The report found that there are two key ways to save energy and reduce CO2 emissions with the use of electric technologies. The first is to retrofit older equipment with new and more modern technologies. The second is to replace fossil fuel technologies with more efficient electric-based technologies.
“It is clear in order to meaningfully address the issues of climate change we will need to fully explore and develop existing, as well as new technologies that will address this important issue,” said Mike Howard, a senior vice president at EPRI. “This study explores the greater potential for CO2 reductions through a review of demand-side opportunities, including furthering the advancement and utilization of energy-efficient end-use technologies.”
Conducting research and development relating to the delivery and generation of electricity to the public is what the Electric Power Research Institute, Inc. (EPRI, www.epri.com) does. EPRI brings together scientists, academics, engineers to address how electricity can be improved based on reliability, efficiency, safety, health and the environment. The members of EPRI represent 90 per cent of the people who work in the electricity industry and its members span across 40 countries. Their main offices and laboratories are in Palo Alto, CA, Charlotte, NC, Knoxville, TN and Lennox, Mass.
Donna Kakonge is a professor, journalist and author living in Toronto. Her books can be bought at her online store at: http://stores.lulu.com/kakonged. She also has an online magazine called Donna at: https://kakonged.wordpress.com. Her official website is www.donnakakonge.com.