Smokers, their families, and all Ontarians need to understand that smoking is an addiction
May 26, 2011 @ 08:30AM
Toronto, Ontario – Today, the Ontario Lung Association is calling for a new type of ban when it comes to smoking – a ban on the word “habit” – to combat the attitude that smoking is simply a matter of choice and to increase understanding of the true nature of smoking: a serious addiction.
“Too many Ontarians believe smoking is a habit, implying it is something easily overcome with willpower alone, not acknowledging how addictive nicotine is and why it is so difficult for people to quit,” said George Habib, president, and CEO of the Ontario Lung Association. “That’s why the Ontario Lung Association is calling today on media, government and the public to abolish the word “habit” and recognize smoking as the powerful addiction it is.”
Approximately two million people in Ontario still smoke and at least half of them have tried to quit in the past year without success.
“If it was easy to quit smoking, there would be about a million people who would quit today,” said Mr. Habib. “The numbers speak for themselves. Smoking is so much more than a habit and Ontarians need help to quit successfully. We need to correct some damaging myths when it comes to dealing with this addiction so that smokers receive the proper support.”
A recent Leger Marketing survey of smokers, former smokers, and non-smokers in Ontario revealed that attitudes about smoking need to be changed:
Non-smokers have the greatest belief that smoking is an addiction, with only 8 percent of respondents identifying that they most see smoking as a habit.
Conversely, smokers don’t have the same level of understanding as their non-smoking counterparts as almost 1 in 5 smokers (18%) believe smoking to be only a habit.
Smokers were least likely to believe smoking is an addiction alone (27%) compared to former smokers (35%) and non-smokers (46%).
Smokers are most likely to believe that smoking is only a habit when compared to former smokers (15%) and non-smokers (8%).
In order to quit successfully, smokers need to overcome nicotine addiction
Quitting smoking is challenging because of the addictive properties of nicotine – which is as addictive as heroin or cocaine.ii
“For those who have difficulty quitting on their own, the key is first to understand what you’re up against and recognize that smoking is an addiction,” explains Dr. Peter Selby, director of Addiction Programs, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH), and associate professor, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto. “The good news is that smoking is certainly something that can be overcome with the right plan. If you’re a smoker, your doctor or other healthcare professionals can work with you to set up your quit plan, and talk to you about the different treatments and support services available to help you quit and help you prepare for the quitting process, including withdrawal symptoms.”
On average, smokers attempt to quit five times before achieving success and only between five and 10 percent of smokers manage to successfully quit cold turkey. iii, iv While organizations like the Ontario Lung Association have resources to help smokers quit, clearly more needs to be done.
“As a former smoker, I need to tell you that quitting was one of the most difficult things I’ve ever had to do in my life,” recalls Allan Hobbs, 54, the former smoker. “I’m pretty strong-minded about others things in my life so I couldn’t understand why I couldn’t just drop that habit. When I did more research I realized that my smoking was much more than a habit. I was addicted to smoking big time. I smoked for 32 years and tried to quit many, many times. My family, friends, and importantly, my doctor, helped me overcome my addiction and to this day, it is one of the greatest accomplishments of my life.”
Legislation has come a long way, but there is more to do
Smoke-Free Ontario legislation to date has made significant limitations on exposure to second-hand smoke, but it has not yet addressed the fact that people are addicted to nicotine.
“The time is now for governments and private insurers to provide more counseling, support, and access to medications to help those who are struggling to overcome their addiction to nicotine,” said Mr. Habib. “The Ontario Lung Association believes that a comprehensive smoking cessation plan will not only improve the health of Ontarians, but will also yield enormous savings to the health system according to our research, and is one important aspect of a lung health action plan that this province so desperately needs.”
When it comes to access to further support, Ontarians agree with the Ontario Lung Association:
42 percent of Ontarians believe the government is currently doing too little to support smokers who would like to quit
The majority of Ontarians (67%) believe that smoking cessation aids, both prescription and over-the-counter, should be supported by the government
In fact, if smoking cessation aids, prescription or over-the-counter, were available free-of-charge 79 percent of smokers would be more likely to use at least one smoking cessation medications in their quit attempts
Similarly, more smokers would look to educational products and programs as well as behavioural counseling if it were provided free of charge
Ontarians also agree (76%) that government-funded smoking cessation programs will yield savings to the healthcare system
Aside from the astounding human cost of tobacco, Ontario’s annual healthcare bill is a staggering $6.1 billion v, with another $4.4 billion in productivity costs from sick days each year. An investment in smoking cessation medications will create net savings for the government – and taxpayers – of $21-$36 million annually, which equates to an estimated return on investment through saved lives and healthcare savings of $3 for every dollar invested. According to recent research by the Ontario Lung Association, over the next 10 years, the cumulative economic impact of medications, plus limited counseling, is projected to be a gross savings of more than $1.2 billion vi.
The need for a lung health action plan
The Ontario Lung Association is advocating for a comprehensive smoking cessation system, as part of an Ontario Lung Health Strategy, to improve lung health and prevent respiratory illness and disease among Ontarians. To show your support and sign the pledge, visit http://www.on.lung.ca.
The “Abolish the Word Habit” program was made possible through an educational grant from Pfizer Canada Inc.